Anxiety Disorder Is The Most Common Mental Health Disorder
Each day people are affected by challenges and stressors that might make them anxious. Everyone experiences anxiety. An anxiety disorder, however, is more intense, it lasts longer, and it interferes with daily life. Anxiety disorders tend to develop during childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood. There are several types of anxiety disorders. Among those that are better known to the community- at-large are obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, phobias, and post traumatic stress disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is characterized by repeated, intrusive and unwanted thoughts that seem impossible to control, linked to ritualized behavior such as continuously washing hands over and over. These recurrent obsessions or compulsions are time-consuming (take more than one hour per day), or cause marked distress. It is the least common anxiety disorder.
Panic disorder is characterized by panic attacks - sudden feelings of terror that strike repeatedly without warning. The person might experience chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, abdominal discomfort, feelings of unreality, and fear of dying. Panic attacks might be caused by medical conditions. Substance abuse or withdrawal from depressants might also induce panic attacks. The person will avoid situations that he/she believes might cause a panic attack.
Phobic disorder makes a person avoid or restrict activities because of persistent and excessive fear. He or she may have an unreasonable intense fear of specific places, events, or objects and will do anything to avoid them. People with phobic disorder may avoid crowded shopping malls, enclosed spaces, or refuse to leave the house at all. They may fear public speaking or social events or be intensely afraid of such things as spiders, storms, driving, flying, or heights.
Post traumatic stress disorder (PSTD) occurs after a distressing or catastrophic event such as an accident, rape, war, robbery, hurricane, or mass shooting. It might also occur when a person has been under stress for a period of time. Symptoms might include persistent anxiety, rage, excessive aggression, depression, emotional numbing, risky behavior, self-mutilation, flashbacks, memory loss, sleep disturbances, eating or elimination problems, or an out-of-body feeling. PTSD may occur with substance abuse, anxiety disorder, or depression.
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|Last Updated on Thursday, 25 April 2013 19:58|
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